Competition & Regulatory

EU Commission’s formal charges against Google Shopping – background and consequences

After months of speculation, on 15 April 2015, the European Commission sent Google a "Statement of Objections" formally setting out the competition case relating to the online-shopping market. Below we provide an overview of the Commission's investigation of Google, which dates back to 2010, before considering what this latest development means for Google as well as for the enforcement of abuse of dominance cases more generally.


European Commission E-commerce Sector Inquiry

E-commerce businesses across Europe are bracing themselves for the launch of the European Commission's sector inquiry next month. This fact-finding exercise will focus on identifying and addressing obstacles to cross-border competition in online markets and will form an integral building block of the Commission's Digital Single Market strategy.

Real Estate

Landlord’s liability for tenant’s injuries

A landlord can be liable for injuries to his tenant even though the lease itself imposes no express obligation to prevent the disrepair that caused the injuries.


Competition & Regulatory

Consumer Rights Act 2015: Out-of-court compensation programmes for infringements of competition law to be approved by the CMA

The Consumer Rights Act 2015 is set to reform the enforcement of competition law through the courts in the UK.  The wide ranging reforms will make it easier for companies which have suffered harm as a result of an infringement of competition law both to bring a damages claim and, ultimately, to obtain compensation.  In particular the reforms promote the UK's specialist competition tribunal, the Competition Appeal Tribunal, as the main forum to bring such claims.